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Yes, we trawl through your emails

Written By kom nampul on Rabu, 16 April 2014 | 23.30

Digital Life News
Google says the change in its policy allowing the company to trawl through emails will give "people even greater clarity".

Google says the change in its policy allowing the company to trawl through emails will give "people even greater clarity". Photo: AP

It's no secret that Google keeps an eye on what users of its services are into. But on Monday, the company updated Gmail's terms of service to spell out its relationship with users in no uncertain terms:

"Our automated systems analyse your content (including emails) to provide you personally relevant product features, such as customised search results, tailored advertising, and spam and malware detection. This analysis occurs as the content is sent, received, and when it is stored."

A Google spokesman told The New York Times that the changes "will give people even greater clarity and are based on feedback we've received over the last few months."

By feedback, Google might mean a federal judge's swift denial of the company's attempt to dismiss a lawsuit filed by Gmail users and non-users who've sent emails to Gmail accounts. The lawsuit claimed Google violated federal and state wiretapping laws by scanning emails without consent.


In its motion to dismiss, Google argued that Gmail and non-Gmail users had given express or implied consent to have their e-mails scanned. Northern California US District Judge Lucy Koh rejected Google's claims, noting that Google's terms of service didn't explicitly say they scanned emails.

The Washington Post

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Australia 'agreed to halt turn backs'

Immigration Minister Scott Morrison.

Immigration Minister Scott Morrison. Photo: Andrew Meares

Indonesia's top military commander says Australia has agreed to stop turning back asylum boats to Indonesia, but Australian minister Scott Morrison insists the Government's policy remains unchanged.

Military Commander General Moeldoko said on Wednesday that his Australian military counterpart, presumably chief of defence David Hurley, had told him that no more boats would be returned to Indonesia.

Of the orange lifeboats used to return three boatloads of asylum seekers since January, General Moeldoko said: "The Australian military commander has promised not to do it again".

Asked later to confirm the quotes, the General's spokesman went further.


"When the commanders talked to each other, the Australian military commander said that if another asylum seeker boat arrived in Australia, then Australia would deal with the problem internally," the spokesman said.

General Moeldoko was quoted on news portal Detik.com saying the change in policy came out of "mutual respect for each country's territory".

If the returns started again after the promise from the Australian military leadership: "I will protest against them even more strongly," General Moeldoko said, though he refused to elaborate what form that protest might take.

But Mr Morrison denied any such promises had been made between the two military commanders insisting: "There is no change to policy in relation to Operation Sovereign Borders".

If General Moeldoko's understanding is correct, people smugglers may see it as an opportunity to once again test Australia's policy.

Seven groups of asylum seekers have been returned to Indonesia — the last three of them on the $200,000 orange lifeboats — since last December under Operation Sovereign Borders.

Australia recently boosted its budget for the unsinkable, $200,000 orange vessels to $7.5 million, suggesting it may now have a fleet of 37 boats.

The turn-back policy has successfully deterred people smugglers in Indonesia from sending their cargo to Australia but the policy been immensely controversial in Indonesia.

Foreign minister Marty Natalegawa has accused Australia of disturbing Indonesia's sovereignty, and said the orange lifeboats were a "slippery slope" and "not really helpful" to relations between the two countries.

The Abbott Government has taken advantage of the breakdown in cooperation between the two countries over spying revelations to bypass these objections.

But in recent weeks the Indonesians appear to have tried to smooth relations. Dr Natalegawa said recently that talks with his Australian counterpart Julie Bishop had taken a "positive trajectory," particularly in a recent meeting in the Hague.

However, he would not set a deadline on normalising relations, indicating it might not happen before president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono leaves office in October.

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Premier sealed his own fate

Video will begin in 5 seconds.

Why Barry O'Farrell had to resign

NSW Premier forced to announce his resignation after misleading ICAC saying he did not receive a lavish gift for which a thank you note was later found.

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It was 9.17am when the death warrant for Premier Barry O'Farrell's political career arrived at the Independent Commission Against Corruption.

Written in neat upright strokes with a blue fountain pen, it was Mr O'Farrell himself who had penned the gracious "thank you" note that would bring an end to his premiership.

The previous day Mr O'Farrell had staked his leadership by categorically denying – under oath – that he had received a $3000 bottle of 1959 Penfold's Grange Hermitage, a month after he became the state's 43rd premier.

The note, which had arrived by email, had been sent by Todd Alexis, SC, who is representing Nick Di Girolamo, the man at the centre of the corruption inquiry.


As soon as he read the note, in which Mr O'Farrell thanked Mr Di Girolamo for the "wonderful wine from 1959", counsel assisting the commission Geoffrey Watson, SC, realised the dreadful implications for Mr O'Farrell. Commissioner Megan Latham told the hearing she was informed at 9.20am.

Commission staff then contacted Mr O'Farrell's barrister, John Agius, SC, who is understood to have told the Premier of the grim news.

Mr O'Farrell decided immediately that his position was untenable. He knew that the note would be made public when the commission commenced at 10am so he hastily called a news conference to start at that time. He quickly sent a text message to Prime Minister Tony Abbott excusing himself from their joint news conference about the second airport at Badgerys Creek.

"Commissioner, just before we resume the evidence, there's been a pretty substantial development on a significant matter overnight," Mr Watson told the inquiry at 10.10am. He then tendered Mr O'Farrell's handwritten note along with the envelope addressed to Mr Di Girolamo. Just as exhibit C115 was being tendered, three blocks away the Premier delivered the shock news that he was resigning.

Less than 24 hours earlier, the inquiry heard that Mr Di Girolamo, who was seeking a billion-dollar public private partnership from the O'Farrell government, had couriered the bottle of Grange to Mr O'Farrell's Roseville home on April 20, 2011. Phone records also revealed that Mr O'Farrell made a 28-second phone call to Mr Di Girolamo that same night.

Despite being shown the courier's invoice and the call records, Mr O'Farrell vehemently denied receiving the wine. "I'm certain that I would remember receiving a bottle of Penfold's Grange, particularly one that was of my birth year," he said. "I have no idea how much the current vintage Grange would cost but I would understand that a vintage dated the 1950s would require me to declare it."

Overnight Mr Di Girolamo found the note and gave it to his barrister.

On Wednesday, Mr Watson moved to quash speculation that the commission had sat on the note in order to trap Mr O'Farrell. "There is some suggestion being made that ICAC had access to that information relating to Mr O'Farrell, the card, and sat on it, held it back until Mr O'Farrell gave his evidence." This was false, he said.

"I can tell whoever wants to know in the world that ICAC acquired the information at 9.17am this morning."

Just after noon, looking tired and drawn, Mr O'Farrell found himself back in the hot seat at the ICAC. "Well, Mr O'Farrell, it's in a pretty sad position that we are now. I've got to ask you, why should the people of NSW, why should they not think that you didn't give honest evidence yesterday, Mr O'Farrell?"

Mr O'Farrell replied: "Well, I certainly tried to give, ah, ah, accurate evidence to the best of my recollection." He said he was "clearly mistaken" and "I certainly regret that".

The Premier also said: "It is a matter that I deeply regret as someone who has always defended this institution. But I say again, Counsel Assisting, I look at this note, it is clearly in my handwriting, it has done nothing, it has done nothing to refresh my memory about the delivery or the, or the, or the destiny of that bottle of wine."

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More underwater time for craft

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) Bluefin-21 is craned over the side of Australian Defence Vessel Ocean Shield in the search for MH370.

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) Bluefin-21 is craned over the side of Australian Defence Vessel Ocean Shield in the search for MH370. Photo: Getty Images

The unmanned underwater vehicle searching for the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 in the southern Indian Ocean is expected to analyse data from its third trip on Thursday morning.

After the first mission carried out by the Bluefin-21 was aborted earlier than expected after its deployment on Monday, changes were made in an attempt to ensure the vehicle would remain underwater for longer.

The mission had been aborted prematurely because the vehicle reached its maximum depth of 4.5 kilometres. The search lasted for about four hours.

A US military spokesman had said the Bluefin's search profile had been adjusted ''to account for inconsistencies with the sea floor'' to allow the sonar searches to last longer.


It was returned to the ocean on Tuesday night after nothing of interest was found on the data from the first underwater search.

However, on Wednesday it returned to the surface early because of technical issues.

The sonar device takes about two hours to descend and is capable of scanning parts of the search area for 16 hours before taking another two hours to return to the surface. This would allow a five-kilometre by eight-kilometre area to be searched.

Analysing data from the device can take up to four hours.

The centre of the search area on Wednesday was about 2087 kilometres north-west of Perth.

It has been 41 days since the flight, carrying 239 passengers disappeared.

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'We're not getting out enough'

Written By kom nampul on Selasa, 15 April 2014 | 23.30


Getting outside: More than 1.1 million people had moderate to severe deficiency in vitamin D.

Almost 4 million Australians are not getting enough vitamin D, data released by the Bureau of Statistics shows.

In the most wide-ranging survey of the nutrient to date, researchers found that levels of the vitamin varied wildly between seasons. Deficiency rates soared to almost 50 per cent for those living in Victoria and the ACT during winter.

Specialists say this is a warning that people are limiting their exposure to the sun by spending too much time indoors, thereby increasing their risk of poor bone health and chronic disease due to poor levels of the vitamin.

''It's a real problem which alerts the population that we shouldn't dismiss it,'' Rebecca Mason, a professor of physiology at the University of Sydney's Bosch Institute, said.


She said Australians needed at least 10 minutes of exposure to the sun on the arms during mid-morning or afternoon in summer to receive adequate vitamin D, which is absorbed through the sun's ultraviolet-B rays.

''We are spending far too much time indoors watching television and using technology,'' Professor Mason said. ''We're just not getting out there enough - with or without sunscreen.''

The survey also found that about one in 20 people took supplements in 2011-12. The majority were women aged over 54.

Surprisingly, about one in three young adults aged 18 to 34 were deficient, double the number of people aged between 65 and 74.

Although most of those surveyed were mildly deficient in vitamin D, more than 1.1 million people had moderate to severe deficiency.

But Australian Medical Association NSW vice-president Saxon Smith said historically people lacked the sunshine hormone, and low measures did not necessarily have negative health implications.

For people with renal failure or brittle bones, taking supplements is important, he said, but if ''healthy young Australians are measured during the middle of winter, then the results could be inconsequential''.

Dr Smith said estimates by the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia showed that at least half the 4 million tests for vitamin D deficiency taken each year were ''unnecessary''.

It recommended that testing be limited to people at high risk of deficiency, including those with chronic kidney failure or strong risk factors, such as having very dark skin.

Recent studies have questioned the role of the vitamin in preventing chronic disease. One study, published in The Lancet, said taking supplements could be a waste of money and should be avoided.

Professor Mason said while there was ''overwhelming'' evidence that adequate vitamin D with calcium was important in reducing falls and fractures, as well as in lowering mortality, it was unclear if low levels were a marker of poor health.

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Noise issues unlikely at Badgerys

A new airport at Badgerys Creek will not provide relief to residents enduring the aircraft noise from Sydney Airport.

But Prime Minister Tony Abbott said the number of people affected by aircraft noise from the new airport would be a sliver of those affected through inner Sydney.

''On the issue of noise, I don't believe this is going to be anything like the problem at Badgerys that it has been at Mascot,'' Mr Abbott said. ''We are just dealing with far, far fewer people.

''If you look at the noise footprint, some 4000 people live within a Badgerys noise footprint, the equivalent noise footprint at Sydney is 130,000. I just don't think it is going to be anything like the issue at Badgerys that it is elsewhere.''


The suburbs with the highest number of residents most affected by noise from Sydney Airport are Mascot, Eastlakes, Leichhardt, Annandale, Marrickville, Petersham and Stanmore. Official noise contour maps have not been provided for Badgerys Creek since environmental impact statements were prepared in the mid-1990s.

But contour maps drawn up as part of a state government strategy into employment lands in western Sydney show flight paths from a Badgerys Creek airport would be concentrated over land slated to be zoned for industry. The main suburbs likely to be affected by a Badgerys Creek airport, according to these maps, would be Glendale, Luddenham, and Horsley Park.

The Badgerys Creek airport is not expected to reduce noise at Sydney because it will be a supplementary one, not a replacement.

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State accused of 'cherry-picking'



"Cherry picking": The City of Sydney has accused successive state governments of being selective of jurisdiction over Sydney's most profitable public assets. Photo: Chris Pearce

The City of Sydney has demanded control of Barangaroo, Circular Quay, Darling Harbour and other prime land in a bold push to substantially expand its borders.

It accused successive state governments of "cherry-picking" jurisdiction over Sydney's most profitable public assets, leading to fragmented planning that can damage the national interest.

Lord mayor Clover Moore has also joined 21 other Sydney mayors to reject plans for sweeping council mergers, including the creation of a "mega council" stretching from the city to the eastern suburbs and Port Botany.


Has joined 21 other Sydney mayors to reject plans for council mergers: Lord Mayor Clover Moore. Photo: Getty Images

An independent panel commissioned by the O'Farrell government has proposed mergers and other options to reform the state's 152 councils, many of which suffer from financial problems, infrastructure backlogs and excessive red tape. The City of Sydney Act is also being reviewed by a separate taskforce.


In a submission to the taskforce, the City of Sydney said that over the years key parts of its council area had been excised, including Barangaroo, Redfern-Waterloo and areas controlled by the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority, including prime land at The Rocks, Darling Harbour and Circular Quay.

"City government must have the authority to plan holistically for its area without potentially profitable development areas being cherry-picked by the state," the submission said.

The City of Sydney has previously criticised proposed building heights at Barangaroo and described early plans for an event centre at Darling Harbour as "monolithic".

The submission said returning key land into its control would also end "wasteful expenditure on additional bureaucracy", saying that different organisations collect waste, maintain roads and provide community services.

The Independent Local Government Review Panel's final report completed last October said amalgamations across NSW would lead to better services.

It said a greatly expanded City of Sydney, reaching a population of about 670,000 by 2031, would "have the scale and capacity appropriate to Sydney's global aspirations". But the council claims returning Barangaroo and other areas to its control would have a "global city" effect.

A submission to the review panel by Sydney Metropolitan Mayors, representing 22 of Sydney's 38 councils, said the panel provided little evidence that larger councils were more financially sustainable. "Massive structural change is disruptive and costly [and] open to partisan manipulation," it said.

The panel's chairman, Graham Sansom, said the City of Sydney was "under-utilised" and a merger would spread the benefit of its large revenue base. The government has promised there will be no forced amalgamations, and the panel recommended incentives to encourage voluntary mergers. Critics of amalgamations say it will lead to a loss of local representation and identity.

A spokesman for Local Government Minister Don Page said the government was studying submissions to both reviews "but early indications are that there is broad-based support" for their recommendations.

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Stretching the bounds of credibility

Comment NSW


Barry O'Farrell did what he could to minimise the political impact of his maiden visit to the Independent Commission Against Corruption.

[The Premier's] inability to recall the contents of a 30-second phone call ... compounds the suspicion we are not getting the full story. 

Unlike other witnesses, O'Farrell avoided the ''walk of shame'' down Castlereagh Street surrounded by the clamouring media pack.

Instead he magically appeared in the hearing room having presumably entered via car from the basement. This put paid to any plans by the opposition for him to play a starring role in next year's election attack advertisements.


There was one thing, however, he couldn't control: his lack of a plausible explanation as to how it was he did not receive a $3000 bottle of 1959 Penfolds Grange his acquaintance Nick Di Girolamosent him as a gift just after he won the March 2011 election.

ICAC heard evidence that the precious bottle was sent by courier to O'Farrell's home. Under oath Di Girolamo said O'Farrell even called him to thank him for it. O'Farrell insists, also under oath, he never received it. Who to believe? The Premier's problem is that we are asked to accept that the bottle was stolen or otherwise disappeared from outside his home in Roseville, which he describes as a ''friendly'' neighbourhood. That alone stretches the bounds of credibility.

His inability to recall the contents of a 30-second phone call to Di Girolamo the evening the bottle was purchased compounds the suspicion we are not getting the full story. The episode has exposed O'Farrell's lack of candour about his relationship with Di Girolamo. Rather than barely knowing each other as he has previously implied, it has emerged the pair had each other's private mobile numbers and were in frequent contact.

Di Girolamo says they talked perhaps once a fortnight; O'Farrell says it was more like once a month.

For many, the pertinent question might therefore become: if we cannot trust the Premier to be up front about his relationship with Di Girolamo - a Liberal Party fund-raiser and former lobbyist - why should we believe him about a potentially embarrassing gift?

O'Farrell is well aware that when you are summoned to ICAC, 90 per cent of the battle is maintaining a veneer of honesty by being forthright and thorough with your answers. ''I don't know'' - a version of the more notorious ''I don't recall'' - achieves precisely the opposite.

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Why Pandora gets the thumbs down

Written By kom nampul on Minggu, 13 April 2014 | 23.30

Video will begin in 5 seconds.

The future of streaming music

Pandora co-founder Tim Westergren explains the ins and outs of the Music Genome Project.

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Tim Westergren wants to be part of the solution to what ails the music industry.

But instead of a saviour, the 48-year-old American and the company he co-founded, Pandora Media, is seen by many in the industry as a big part of the problem.

Still reeling from the effects of the migration from CDs to digital downloads, the industry is now facing a new wave of disruption as music streaming services such as Pandora, Spotify, iTunes Music, Rdio and Google Play gain ground with consumers.

Creating a rising tide: Tim Westergren, co-founder of Pandora.

Creating a rising tide: Tim Westergren, co-founder of Pandora. Photo: Lidia Nikonova

The bottom line is that royalties derived from these services are a fraction of what they were in the days of physical sales of albums and singles.


Speaking during a visit to Sydney, Mr Westergren shot down the criticism arguing that much of it was based on "misinformation".

"All this focusing in on an absolute royalty [payment] number is just out of context," he said.

He also revealed that California-based Pandora has been working on a stealth project that will put recording artists both big and small back in control of their destinies.

Pandora is "beta testing" the platform with a number of bands, including a few from Australia, and it will be launched this year, he said.

"We have 120,000 artists on Pandora, we'd love to have them all use it. We are trying to create a rising tide that lifts all boats."

The service will allow recording artists to manage their archives on Pandora and check the metrics (who listened to what, when and for how long). It will also enable them to talk to and market directly to their fans, selling concert tickets and merchandise.

Mr Westergren rejected the description of the new platform as a niche social networking opportunity. "That is more of a passive play," he said. "This is going to be more transactional by nature."

Music selected by algorithm

Pandora earns revenue from tailoring ads to users of its streaming service. Users can create up to 100 personalised stations based on favourite songs, artists or genres.

An algorithm called the Music Genome Project will then recommend playlists based on an analysis of some 400 individual traits on songs from Pandora's library.

Unlike some streaming services, such as Spotify, Pandora users cannot select specific tracks on their stations. But they can fine-tune their preferences by giving songs the thumbs up or down, the Pandora equivalent of a Facebook "like".

By marrying gender, age and postcode data provided by the user, Pandora is able to build a highly accurate profile of the user. So much so that Mr Westergren said that in the US it is possible to determine a listener's political leanings.

Since the company was listed on the stock exchange in 2011 Pandora's registered users have more than doubled to 200 million, 76 million of whom are classified as active.

In Australia and New Zealand - the only area outside the US where Pandora operates - the company has 1.6 million registered users and about 1000 local artists on its books.

While most users access Pandora's service on mobile phones, the company is broadening the base of connected devices on which the service is available. Car audio systems are the big growth market, and at least one refrigerator and a hot tub can stream music through Pandora.

The former keyboard player for '90s indie band YellowWood Junction said that, despite the recent upheavals, there was a big future for professional musicians but only if they understood how to operate in the new environment.

"Starting out now, every [under-resourced working] band should consider adding a member to do the marketing," Mr Westergren said. "And cut them in on the money as equal partners."

Even now there was so much that could be done harnessing what was available on the web that even an "energetic college kid" could accomplish a lot, he said.

Mr Westergren, who eschews the corporate uniform of a jacket and tie in favour of faded jeans and a fleece, is not your typical get-rich-quick Californian entrepreneur.

He had to batter down many venture capitalists' doors before securing the funding for his start-up and for many years hovered on the brink of bankruptcy. He owns a small but still valuable stake in a company with a market capitalisation of $US5 billion ($5.3 billion).

A 'dying corpse'

Pandora continues to face heavy criticism for waging a war through the courts to keep the lid on royalty payments which musicians and publishers claim is putting them on the fast-track to penury.

One by one, big names in the recording industry have been lining up to thwack Pandora and other players in the music streaming business.

A tweet launched by songstress Bette Midler last week captured the sense of frustration that many in the industry are now feeling.

Her sentiments have been echoed by the likes of David Byrne, Aerosmith's Steven Tyler, hip-hop group Wu-Tang Clan and Radiohead's Thom Yorke who colourfully described the state of the music business as akin to "the last desperate fart of a dying corpse".

And it's not just the big names. Mathematician turned indie musician David Lowery posted copies of his royalty payments online last year under the headline: "My Song Got Played On Pandora 1 Million Times and All I Got Was $16.89, Less Than What I Make From a Single T-Shirt Sale!"

The US National Music Publishers' Association has also chimed in. Last month it described a court decision which handed partial victory to Pandora in the royalties stoush as "a slap in the face" to musicians and publishers.

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Are we all being gamed?

If any further evidence was required to prove how the predatory business of online gaming is rigged against the punters, it has come in the guise of an internal document from Tabcorp.

In ''Fixed Odds Liability'', a missive sent to its network of betting shops around Australia, Tabcorp identifies two types of customers: ''genuine customers'' - code for ''losers'' - and ''individual customers who are not commercially viable'' - code for ''winners''. Tabcorp's advice to outlets is to get rid of fixed-odds winners as customers by ''liability management'' and focus on servicing the losers.

''By helping to identify the individual customers who are not commercially viable you can prevent your whole venue from being managed,'' the document says. By ''managed'' Tabcorp means managed by head office. At present 100 of 2600 TABs are being managed.

As revealed here last year, the online wagering companies, now almost entirely owned by British multinationals, tend to take bets only from losers. Fixed-odds punters who win, even those who bet in small amounts, either have their bet sizes curtailed or their accounts frozen altogether.


One such punter, Richard Irvine, told Fairfax Media he had had his accounts closed or severely restricted by all of the five top online bookmakers in the Northern Territory: Luxbet, Sportingbet, Sportsbet, Centrebet and Bet365.

Restrictions were as good as a closure, he said, as the bookies no longer offered a fixed-price service. The point of difference to the TAB and its totalisator system is they offer fixed prices to their clients.

''The odds are locked in at the time of placing the bet, whereas the TAB totalisator system is a pool of money that is distributed by weight of money for a particular result. So, by not allowing you to bet fixed price with them, these bookies are effectively closing your account as well.''

But TAB is neck deep in the online sector too, having expanded its interests through tab.com.au, Luxbet and Sky Racing.

Although they are loath to publicise their business model - of deliberately targeting losing gamblers, many of whom are addicts - it is rational to assume that online bookmakers would wish to avoid taking on customers who will beat them. It's not a charity.

Irvine, however, says there are two key problems with the sector: first, that their Northern Territory domicile allows the bookies to avoid paying tax; and second, their contribution to funding the horse racing industry is negligible.

His other point is that the predatory targeting of losers is simply unfair. Before the advent of online bookies, on-course bookmakers were required to offer minimum fixed-price odds. Now that technology has advanced the sector's profits, they contribute proportionately less in funding to the industry.

Irvine has launched a campaign to shed light on the issue. He believes the industry should develop a code of conduct requiring all operators to conduct a fair marketplace or else carry a prominent disclaimer stating that winning gamblers are not welcome - losers only.

The TAB's ''expanded risk management'', as the Tabcorp document labels it, has arisen as successful punters who used to bet online with the TAB started going direct to the TAB agencies and betting cash after the TAB site began shutting them down. The policy of centralised management was introduced once these punters started winning too much.

Irvine took his code of conduct to the Australian Wagering Council but says the AWC had no interest in it. Now that the largest remaining independent has been bought out by the multinationals the bookies represented by the AWC are all foreign-owned.

Last week came news that British wagering company Ladbrokes was set to buy Melbourne online bookmaker Alan Eskander's Betstar in a deal worth $20-$25 million. The Betstar deal takes Ladbrokes' share of the $13 billion online wagering market to more than 5 per cent.

According to Fair Wagering Australia, bookmakers licensed by the Northern Territory government are turning over close to $6 billion annually, with conservative profit estimates of $400 million. ''Last financial year they paid just $2.4 million in tax to the NT through a levy on gross wagering profits, capped at $250,000 per bookmaker.

''We are still getting no help whatsoever from the Northern Territory Racing Commission (NTRC) or the Northern Territory government,'' the website said. ''This is the regulatory authority that in mid-2013 removed the rule requiring bookmakers to bet all punters to win a minimum amount ($1000) on racing.''

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